The Law of Ukraine

“On the National Program for Putting out of Operation
the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station and Transforming
the Object “Ukryttia” (Shelter) into an Environmentally Safe System”

Date of entry into force:
January 1, 2010

The present Law shall approve the National Program for Putting out of Operation the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station and Transforming the Object “Ukryttia” (Shelter) into an Environmentally Safe System (hereinafter referred to as the Program).

It shall be envisaged to render Articles 5 and 6 of the Law of Ukraine “On the General Principles for Further Operating and Putting out of Operation the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station and Transforming the Destroyed Fourth Reactor of the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station into an Environmentally Safe System” in a new wording. According to this new wording, works to transform the Object “Ukryttia” (Shelter) into an environmentally safe system shall be fulfilled in compliance with the approved Program. One of the goals of transforming the Object “Ukryttia” (Shelter) into an environmentally safe system shall be to remove materials containing nuclear fuel and radio-active waste from this object. At the same time, it shall be necessary to ensure, before the removal of materials containing nuclear fuel and radio-active waste from the Object “Ukryttia” (Shelter), their transformation in a controllable condition.

The present Program shall identify the main areas of works to put out of operation the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station and to transform the Object “Ukryttia” (Shelter) into an environmentally safe system, the approximate volumes of their financing, organizational tasks, and terms of reference. Nuclear facilities and installations located on the industrial area of the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station that are designed for managing radio-active waste and that shall be subject to putting out of operation shall include:
  • the first, the second and the third reactors (main buildings);
  • the first storage facility for exhaust nuclear fuel based on the technology of “wet” storage;
  • temporary storage facilities of liquid and solid radio-active waste.

Subject to putting out of operation shall also be other facilities designed for general purposes of the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station: auxiliary facilities, electrotechnical installations, waterworks, and the cooling pond.

In addition, it shall be indicated that, it shall take approximately 100 years to complete activities to put out of operation the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station and to transform the Object “Ukryttia” (Shelter) into an environmentally safe system. This is why the present Program shall contain top-priority measures that shall be necessary to implement during 2009-2012 at the stage of terminating operation of the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station and transforming the Object “Ukryttia” (Shelter) into an environmentally safe system.

The goal of the present Program shall be to provide for the implementation of government policies related to:
  • preparing for putting out of operation and putting out of operation the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station and transforming the Object “Ukryttia” (Shelter) into an environmentally safe system;
  • ensuring the protection of the personnel, the population and the environment from the impact of ionizing radiation.

The present Program shall provide for activities in the following main areas:
  • terminating operation of, preparing for putting out of operation and putting out of operation the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station;
  • transforming the Object “Ukryttia” (Shelter) into an environmentally safe system;
  • managing radio-active waste of the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station that has accumulated over the period of operation and will be generated at the time of fulfilling works to put out of operation reactors of the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station and to transform the Object “Ukryttia” (Shelter) into an environmentally safe system;
  • providing scientific, technical and informational support for works to prepare for putting out of operation and to put out of operation reactors of the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station and to transform the Object “Ukryttia” (Shelter) into an environmentally safe system, guaranteeing transparent decisions for the society regarding safety of operations envisaged by the present Program;
  • providing social security to employees of the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station and residents of the town of Slavutych in connection with pre-term putting out of operation of the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station.

To achieve the goal of the present Program in the environment where there is no experience of putting out of operation reactors of the type RVPK-1000, it shall be necessary:
  • to improve the regulatory and legislative base in the area of putting out of operation nuclear facilities and installations designed for managing radio-active waste;
  • to provide for the construction of facilities designed for managing radio-active waste that will be generated in the process of putting out of operation of the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station and transforming the Object “Ukryttia” (Shelter) into an environmentally safe system;
  • to set up, at the industrial area of the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station, a complex of engineering and technical systems and structures and an integrated system for managing radio-active waste.

According to the present Program, it shall be envisaged to carry out activities to put out of operation the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station in compliance with the following stages:
  • termination of operation (preparatory stage for putting out of operation). This shall be the stage when nuclear fuel is to be removed and moved into a storage facility for exhaust nuclear fuel designed for long-term storage. This is the current stage when the main objective is being fulfilled, which shall determine the duration of this stage, - the removal of nuclear fuel from reactors. The completion date shall be not earlier than 2013;
  • final shutdown and entombment of reactor facilities (approximately by 2022);
  • cooling of reactor facilities during the period when radio-active radiation should naturally decline to an acceptable level (approximately by 2045);
  • dismantling of reactor facilities (approximately by 2045).

At the same time, it shall be indicated that the objective of transforming the Object “Ukryttia” (Shelter) into an environmentally safe system shall be fulfilled by way of consecutive development and implementation of separate plans, projects or programs aimed at implementing the above-mentioned measures.

Further on, the present Program shall identify the main objectives and measures that shall have to be fulfilled or implemented separately at each stage.

According to the present Program the transformation of the Object “Ukryttia” (Shelter) into an environmentally safe system shall provide for:
  • lowering the risks of the impact of ionizing radiation;
  • erecting additional safety barriers, in particular those ensuring appropriate conditions for fulfilling works at the next stage;
  • removing fuel-containing materials, high-level and long-lived radio-active waste from the Object “Ukryttia” (Shelter), transforming them into a safe condition, ensuring intermediary controlled storage and disposal in deep storage facilities (stable geological formations) in the instance when no alternative way to provide for safe storage of materials at the Object “Ukryttia” (Shelter) is proposed before the beginning of removal (approximately in 30-50 years).

As a result of implementing the present Program until 2013, it shall be envisaged:
  • to terminate operation of the first, the second and the third reactors at the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station and to launch works for their final shutdown and entombment;
  • to develop an effective and efficient system for managing radio-active waste at the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station;
  • to complete the construction and to put into operation a new storage facility for exhaust nuclear fuel;
  • to complete the construction and to put into operation a confinement over the Object “Ukryttia” (Shelter);
  • to improve the system of social guarantees for employees of the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station;
  • to ensure transparent coverage of issues related to the safety of activities and operations to prepare for putting out of operation and to put out of operation the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station and to transform the Object “Ukryttia” (Shelter) into an environmentally safe system.

Measures of the present Program shall be financed at the expense of funds of the State Budget of Ukraine, international technical assistance and voluntary contributions of legal entities or private individuals, and other sources that shall not be prohibited by the legislation. The relevant amendments shall be introduced by the present Law to Article 7 of the Law of Ukraine “On the General Principles for Further Operating and Putting out of Operation the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station and Transforming the Destroyed Fourth Reactor of the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station into an Environmentally Safe System”.

The present Program shall specify that the overall amount of financing for works written into the present Program at the expense of funds of the State Budget of Ukraine shall constitute UAH 3,535.90 million (without due consideration for expenditures of 2009). Projects of international technical assistance shall be implemented within the volumes of and according to plans for financing stipulated in the relevant contracts.

The present Program shall include an Appendix that shall identify top-priority measures to put out of operation the Chornobyl Atomic Energy Station and to transform the Object “Ukryttia” (Shelter) into an environmentally safe system, the sources and the volume of financing for these measures, as well as their implementation deadlines.
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